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教育部GD真人印发《大中小学劳动教育指导纲要(试行)》的通知

时间: 2020-07-16浏览: 10设置

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夜晚模式GD真人

jiaocai〔2020〕4hao

gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashijiaoyuting(jiaowei),xinjiangshengchanjianshebingtuangdzhenren,youguanbumen(danwei)jiaoyusi(ju),bushugegaodengxuexiao、bushenghejiangegaodengxuexiao:

GD真人  weishenruguanchegdzhenrenzongshujigdzhenrenjiaoyudezhongyaolunshu,quanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,luoshi《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuangdzhenrenquanmianjiaqiangxinshidaidazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyudeyijian》,jiakuaigoujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi,wobugdzhenrenyanjiuzhidingle《dazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyuzhidaogangyao(shixing)》,xianyinfajinimen,qingrenzhenguancheluoshi。

jiaoyubu

2020nian7yue7ri

大中小学劳动教育指导纲要(试行)

GD真人  weishenruguanchegdzhenrenzongshujigdzhenrenjiaoyudezhongyaolunshu,quanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,luoshi《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuangdzhenrenquanmianjiaqiangxinshidaidazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyudeyijian》,jiakuaigoujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi,zhidingbenzhidaogangyao。

一、劳动教育性质和基本理念

GD真人  (yi)laodongjiaoyuxingzhi

GD真人  laodongshichuangzaowuzhicaifuhejingshencaifudeguocheng,shirenleiteyoudejibenshehuishijianhuodong。laodongjiaoyushifahuilaodongdeyurengongneng,duixueshengjinxingreailaodong、reailaodongrenmindejiaoyuhuodong。dangqianshishilaodongjiaoyudezhongdianshizaixitongdewenhuazhishixuexizhiwai,youmude、youjihuadigdzhenrenxueshengcanjiarichangshenghuolaodong、shengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodong,rangxueshengdongshoushijian、chuliliuhan,jieshouduanlian、molianyizhi,peiyangxueshengzhengquelaodongjiazhiguanhelianghaolaodongpinzhi。

  laodongjiaoyushixinshidaidangduijiaoyudexinyaoqiu,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijiaoyuzhidudezhongyaoneirong,shiquanmianfazhanjiaoyutixidezhongyaozuchengbufen,shidazhongxiaoxuebixugdzhenrendejiaoyuhuodong。tajuyouxianmingdesixiangxing,bixujiangmakesizhuyilaodongguanguancheshizhong,qiangdiaolaodongshiyiqiecaifu、jiazhideyuanquan,laodongzheshiguojiadezhuren,yiqielaodonghelaodongzhedouyinggaidedaogulihezunzhong;changdaotongguochengshilaodongchuangzaomeihaoshenghuo、shixianrenshengmengxiang,fanduiyiqiebulaoerhuo、chongshangbaofu、tantuxiangledecuowusixiang。juyoutuchudeshehuixing,bixujiaqiangxuexiaojiaoyuyushehuishenghuo、shengchanshijiandezhijielianxi,fahuilaodongzaigerenyushehuizhijiandeniudaizuoyong,yindaoxueshengrenshishehui,zengqiangshehuizerengan;tongshizhuzhongrangxueshengxuehuifengonghezuo,tihuishehuizhuyishehuipingdeng、hexiedexinxinglaodongguanxi。juyouxianzhudeshijianxing,bixumianxiangzhenshideshenghuoshijiehezhiyeshijie,yindaoxueshengyidongshoushijianweizhuyaofangshi,zairenshishijiedejichushang,huodeyoujijiyiyidejiazhitiyan,xuehuijiansheshijie,suzaoziji,shixianshude、zengzhi、qiangti、yumeidemude。

  (er)laodongjiaoyujibenlinian

  1.qianghualaodongguannian,hongyanglaodongjingshen。jianglaodongguannianhelaodongjingshenjiaoyuguanchuanrencaipeiyangquanguocheng,guanchuanjiating、xuexiao、shehuigefangmian。zhuzhongrangxueshengzaixuexihezhangwojibenlaodongzhishijinengdeguochengzhong,lingwulaodongdeyiyijiazhi,xingchengqinjian、fendou、chuangxin、fengxiandelaodongjingshen。

GD真人  2.qiangdiaoshenxincanyu,zhuzhongshounaobingyong。bawolaodongjiaoyudegenbentezheng,rangxueshengmianduizhenshidegerenshenghuo、shengchanheshehuixingfuwurenwuqingjing,qinlishijidelaodongguocheng,shanyuguanchasikao,zhuzhongyunyongsuoxuezhishijiejueshijiwenti,tigaolaodongzhilianghexiaolv。

GD真人  3.jichengyouliangchuantong,zhangxianshidaitezheng。zaichongfenfahuichuantonglaodong、chuantonggongyixiangmuyurengongnengdetongshi,jingenkejifazhanhechanyebiange,zhunquebawoxinshidailaodonggongju、laodongjishu、laodongxingtaidexinbianhua,chuangxinlaodongjiaoyuneirong、tujing、fangshi,zengqianglaodongjiaoyudeshidaixing。

  4.fahuizhutizuoyong,jifachuangxinchuangzao。guanzhuxueshenglaodongguochengzhongdetiyanheganwu,yindaoxueshengganshoulaodongdejianxinheshouhuodekuaile,zengqianghuodegan、chengjiugan、rongyugan。gulixueshengzaixuexihejiejiantarenfengfujingyan、jiyidejichushang,changshixinfangfa、tansuoxinjishu,dapojianghuasiweifangshi,tuichenchuxin。

二、劳动教育目标和内容

  (yi)zongtimubiao

  zhunquebawoshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanrendelaodongjingshenmianmao、laodongjiazhiquxianghelaodongjinengshuipingdepeiyangyaoqiu,quanmiantigaoxueshenglaodongsuyang,shixuesheng:

  shulizhengquedelaodongguannian。zhengquelijielaodongshirenleifazhanheshehuijinbudegenbenliliang,renshilaodongchuangzaoren、laodongchuangzaojiazhi、chuangzaocaifu、chuangzaomeihaoshenghuodedaoli,zunzhonglaodong,zunzhongputonglaodongzhe,laogushulilaodongzuiguangrong、laodongzuichonggao、laodongzuiweida、laodongzuimeilidesixiangguannian。

GD真人  juyoubibeidelaodongnengli。zhangwojibendelaodongzhishihejineng,zhengqueshiyongchangjianlaodonggongju,zengqiangtili、zhilihechuangzaoli,jubeiwanchengyidinglaodongrenwusuoxuyaodesheji、caozuonenglijituanduihezuonengli。

  peiyujijidelaodongjingshen。linghui“xingfushifendouchulaide”neihanyuyiyi,jichengzhonghuaminzuqinjianjieyue、jingyefengxiandeyouliangchuantong,hongyangkaituochuangxin、dilifenjindeshidaijingshen。

GD真人  yangchenglianghaodelaodongxiguanhepinzhi。nenggouzijueziyuan、renzhenfuze、anquanguifan、jianchibuxiedicanyulaodong,xingchengchengshishouxin、chikunailaodepinzhi。zhenxilaodongchengguo,yangchenglianghaodexiaofeixiguan,dujuelangfei。

  (er)zhuyaoneirong

  zhuyaobaokuorichangshenghuolaodong、shengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodongzhongdezhishi、jinengyujiazhiguan。richangshenghuolaodongjiaoyulizugerenshenghuoshiwuchuli,jiehegdzhenrenxinshidaixiaoyuanaiguoweishengyundong,zhuzhongshenghuonenglihelianghaoweishengxiguanpeiyang,shuliziliziqiangyishi。shengchanlaodongjiaoyuyaorangxueshengzaigongnongyeshengchanguochengzhongzhijiejingliwuzhicaifudechuangzaoguocheng,tiyancongjiandanlaodong、yuanshilaodongxiangfuzalaodong、chuangzaoxinglaodongdefazhanguocheng,xuehuishiyonggongju,zhangwoxiangguanjishu,ganshoulaodongchuangzaojiazhi,zengqiangchanpinzhiliangyishi,tihuipingfanlaodongzhongdeweida。fuwuxinglaodongjiaoyurangxueshengliyongzhishi、jinengdengweitarenheshehuitigongfuwu,zaifuwuxinggangweishangjianxishixi,shulifuwuyishi,shijianfuwujineng;zaigongyilaodong、zhiyuanfuwuzhongqianghuashehuizerengan。

  (san)xueduanyaoqiu

  1.xiaoxue

GD真人  dinianji: yigerenshenghuoqijuweizhuyaoneirong,gdzhenrenlaodongjiaoyu,zhuzhongpeiyanglaodongyishihelaodonganquanyishi,shixueshengdongderenrendouyaolaodong,ganzhilaodonglequ,aixilaodongchengguo。zhidaoxuesheng: (1)wanchenggerenwupinzhengli、qingxi,jinxingjiandandejiatingqingsaohelajifenleideng,shulizijideshiqingzijizuodeyishi,tigaoshenghuozilinengli;(2)canyushidangdebanjijitilaodong,zhudongweihujiaoshineiwaihuanjingweishengdeng,peiyangjitirongyugan;(3)jinxingjiandanshougongzhizuo,zhaogushenbiandedongzhiwu,guanaishengming,reaiziran。

GD真人  zhonggaonianji: yixiaoyuanlaodonghejiatinglaodongweizhuyaoneironggdzhenrenlaodongjiaoyu,tihuilaodongguangrong,zunzhongputonglaodongzhe,chubuyangchengreailaodong、reaishenghuodetaidu。zhidaoxuesheng: (1)canyujiajuqingjie、shounazhengli,zhizuojiandandejiachangcandeng,meinianxuehui1—2xiangshenghuojineng,zengqiangshenghuozilinengliheqinjianjieyueyishi,peiyangjiatingzerengan;(2)canjiaxiaoyuanweishengbaojie、lajifenleichuli、lvhuameihuadeng,shidangcanjiashequhuanbao、gonggongweishengdenglisuonengjidegongyilaodong,zengqianggonggongfuwuyishi;(3)chubutiyanzhongzhi、yangzhi、shougongzhizuodengjiandandeshengchanlaodong,chubuxuehuiyutarenhezuolaodong,dongdeshenghuoyongpin、shipinlaizhibuyi,zhenxilaodongchengguo。

  2.chuzhong

GD真人  jiangujiazhengxuexi、xiaoneiwaishengchanlaodong、fuwuxinglaodong,anpailaodongjiaoyuneirong,gdzhenrenzhiyeqimengjiaoyu,tihuilaodongchuangzaomeihaoshenghuo,yangchengrenzhenfuze、chikunailaodelaodongpinzhiheanquanyishi,zengqianggonggongfuwuyishihedandangjingshen。rangxuesheng: (1)chengdanyidingdejiatingrichangqingjie、pengren、jiajumeihuadenglaodong,jinyibupeiyangshenghuozilinenglihexiguan,zengqiangjiatingzerenyishi;(2)dingqigdzhenrenxiaoyuanbaoganquyubaojiehemeihua,yijizhucan、jinglao、furuodengfuwuxinglaodong,chubuxingchengduixuexiao、shequfuzerendetaiduheshehuigongdeyishi;(3)shidangtiyanbaokuojingong、mugong、diangong、taoyi、buyidengxiangmuzaineidelaodongjichuantonggongyizhizuoguocheng,changshijiayongqiju、jiaju、dianqidejiandanxiuli,canyuzhongzhi、yangzhidengshengchanhuodong,xuexixiangguanjishu,huodechubudezhiyetiyan,xingchengchubudeshengyaguihuayishi。

  3.putonggaozhong

  zhuzhongweiraofengfuzhiyetiyan,gdzhenrenfuwuxinglaodongheshengchanlaodong,lijielaodongchuangzaojiazhi,jieshouduanlian、molianyizhi,juyoulaodongziliyishihezhudongfuwutaren、fuwushehuideqinghuai。zhidaoxuesheng: (1)chixugdzhenrenrichangshenghuolaodong,zengqiangshenghuozilinengli,guhualianghaolaodongxiguan;(2)xuanzefuwuxinggangwei,jinglizhenshidegangweigongzuoguocheng,huodezhenqiedezhiyetiyan,peiyangzhiyexingqu;jijicanjiadaxingsaishi、shequjianshe、huanjingbaohudenggongyihuodong、zhiyuanfuwu,qianghuashehuizerenyishihefengxianjingshen;(3)tongchoulaodongjiaoyuyutongyongjishukechengxiangguanneirong,conggongye、nongye、xiandaifuwuyeyijizhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuatesexiangmuzhong,zizhuxuanze1—2xiangshengchanlaodong,jingliwanzhengdeshijianguocheng,tigaochuangyiwuhuanengli,yangchengchikunailao、jingyiqiujingdepinzhi,zengqiangshengyaguihuadeyishihenengli。

  4.zhiyeyuanxiao

  zhongdianjiehezhuanyetedian,zengqiangzhiyerongyuganhezerengan,tigaozhiyelaodongjinengshuiping,peiyujijixiangshangdelaodongjingshenherenzhenfuzedelaodongtaidu。gdzhenrenxuesheng: (1)chixugdzhenrenrichangshenghuolaodong,ziwoguanlishenghuo,tigaolaodongziliziqiangdeyishihenengli;(2)dingqigdzhenrenxiaoneiwaigongyifuwuxinglaodong,zuohaoxiaoyuanhuanjingzhixuweihu,yunyongzhuanyejinengweishehui、weitarentigongxiangguangongyifuwu,peiyushehuigongde,houzhiaiguoaimindeqinghuai;(3)yituoshixishixun,canyuzhenshideshengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodong,zengqiangzhiyerentongganhelaodongzihaogan,tishengchuangyiwuhuanengli,peiyubuduantansuo、jingyiqiujing、zhuiqiuzhuoyuedegongjiangjingshenheaigangjingyedelaodongtaidu,jianxin“sanbailiushixing,xingxingchuzhuangyuan”,tirenlaodongbufenguijian,renhezhiyedouhenguangrong,dounengchucai。

  5.putonggaodengxuexiao

  qianghuamakesizhuyilaodongguanjiaoyu,zhuzhongweiraochuangxinchuangye,jiehexuekezhuanyegdzhenrenshengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodong,jileizhiyejingyan,peiyuchuangzaoxinglaodongnenglihechengshishouxindehefalaodongyishi。shixuesheng: (1)zhangwotongyonglaodongkexuezhishi,shenkelijiemakesizhuyilaodongguanheshehuizhuyilaodongguanxi,shulizhengquedezeyejiuyechuangyeguan,juyoudaojiankudiquhexingyegongzuodefendoujingshen;(2)gonggulianghaorichangshenghuolaodongxiguan,zijuezuohaosusheweishengbaojie,dulichuligerenshenghuoshiwu,jijicanjiaqingongzhuxuehuodong,tigaolaodongziliziqiangnengli;(3)qianghuafuwuxinglaodong,zijuecanyujiaoshi、shitang、xiaoyuanchangsuodeweishengbaojie、lvhuameihuaheguanlifuwudeng,jiehe“sanzhiyifu”、daxueshengzhiyuanfuwuxibujihua、“qingnianhongsezhumengzhilv”“sanxiaxiang”dengshehuishijianhuodonggdzhenrenfuwuxinglaodong,qianghuagonggongfuwuyishihemianduizhongdayiqing、zaihaidengweijizhudongzuoweidefengxianjingshen;(4)zhongshishengchanlaodongduanlian,jijicanjiashixishixun、zhuanyefuwuhechuangxinchuangyehuodong,zhongshixinzhishi、xinjishu、xingongyi、xinfangfadeyunyong,tigaozaishengchanshijianzhongfaxianwentihechuangzaoxingjiejuewentidenengli,zaidongshoushijiandeguochengzhongchuangzaoyoujiazhidewuhualaodongchengguo。

三、劳动教育途径、关键环节和评价

  (yi)laodongjiaoyutujing

GD真人  jianglaodongjiaoyunarurencaipeiyangquanguocheng,fengfu、tuozhanlaodongjiaoyushishitujing。

  1.dulikaishelaodongjiaoyubixiuke

  zaidazhongxiaoxueshelilaodongjiaoyubixiukecheng。zhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyukepingjunmeizhoubushaoyu1keshi,yongyuhuodongcehua、jinengzhidao、lianxishijian、zongjiejiaoliudeng,yutongyongjishuhedifangkecheng、xiaobenkechengdengyouguanneirongjinxingbiyaotongchou。zhiyeyuanxiaokaishelaodongzhuantijiaoyubixiuke,bushaoyu16xueshi;zhuyaoweiraolaodongjingshen、laomojingshen、gongjiangjingshen、laodonggdzhenren、laodonganquanhelaodongfaguidengfangmiansheji。putonggaodengxuexiaoyaojianglaodongjiaoyunaruzhuanyerencaipeiyangfangan,mingquezhuyaoyituodekecheng,kezaiyiyoukechengzhongzhuanshelaodongjiaoyumokuai,yekezhuanmenkaishelaodongzhuantijiaoyubixiuke,benkejieduanbushaoyu32xueshi;kechengneirongyingjiaqiangmakesizhuyilaodongguanjiaoyu,pujiyuxueshengzhiyefazhanmiqiexiangguandetongyonglaodongkexuezhishi,bingjinglibiyaodeshijiantiyan。

GD真人  2.zaixuekezhuanyezhongyoujishentoulaodongjiaoyu

GD真人  zhongxiaoxuedaodeyufazhi(sixiangzhengzhi)、yuwen、lishi、yishudengxuekeyaoyouzhongdiandinarulaodongchuangzaorenbenshen、laodongchuangzaolishi、laodongchuangzaoshijie、laodongbufenguijiandengmakesizhuyilaodongguan,narugesonglaomo、gesongputonglaodongzhedexuanwenxuancai,naruchanshiqinlao、jiejian、jiankufendoudengzhonghuaminzuyouliangchuantongdeneirong,jiaqiangduixueshengxinqinlaodong、chengshilaodong、hefalaodongdengfangmiandejiaoyu。shuxue、kexue、dili、jishu、tiyuyujiankangdengxuekeyaozhuzhongpeiyangxueshenglaodongdekexuetaidu、guifanyishi、xiaolvguannianhechuangxinjingshen。

GD真人  zhiyeyuanxiaoyaojianglaodongjiaoyuquanmianrongrugonggongjichuke,yaoqianghuamakesizhuyilaodongguan、laodonganquan、laodongfaguijiaoyu。zhuanyekezaijinxingzhiyelaodongzhishijinengjiaoxuedetongshi,zhuzhongpeiyang“ganyixingaiyixing”dejingyejingshen,chikunailao、tuanjiehezuo、yanjinxizhidegongzuotaidu。

  putonggaodengxuexiaoyaojianglaodongjiaoyuyoujinaruzhuanyejiaoyu、chuangxinchuangyejiaoyu,buduanshenhuachanjiaoronghe,qianghualaodongduanlianyaoqiu,jiaqianggaodengxuexiaoyuxingyeguganqiye、gaoxinqiye、zhongxiaoweiqiyejinmixietong,tuidongrencaipeiyangmoshigaige。zhuanyeleikechengzhuyaoyufuwuxuexi、shixishixun、kexueshiyan、shehuishijian、biyeshejidengxiangjiehegdzhenrengeleilaodongshijian,zhuzhongfenxixiangguanlaodongxingtaifazhanqushi,qianghualaodongpinzhipeiyang。zaigonggongbixiukezhong,yaojinyibuqianghuamakesizhuyilaodongguanjiaoyu、laodongxiangguanfalvfaguiyuzhengcejiaoyu。

GD真人  3.zaikewaixiaowaihuodongzhonganpailaodongshijian

GD真人  jianglaodongjiaoyuyuxueshengdegerenshenghuo、xiaoyuanshenghuoheshehuishenghuoyoujijieheqilai,fengfulaodongtiyan,tigaolaodongnengli,shenhuaduilaodongjiazhidelijie。

  zhongxiaoxuemeizhoukewaihuodonghejiatingshenghuozhonglaodongshijian,xiaoxue1zhi2nianjibushaoyu2xiaoshi,qitanianjibushaoyu3xiaoshi;zhiyeyuanxiaoheputonggaodengxuexiaoyaomingqueshenghuozhongdelaodongshixiangheshijian,naruxueshengrichangguanligongzuo。

GD真人  dazhongxiaoxuemeixuenianshelilaodongzhou,caiyongzhuantijiangzuo、zhutiyanjiang、laodongjinengjingsai、laodongchengguozhanshi、laodongxiangmushijiandengxingshijinxing。xiaoxueyixiaoneiweizhu,xiaoxuegaonianjikeshidanganpaibufenxiaowailaodong;putongzhongxue、zhiyeyuanxiaoheputonggaodengxuexiaojianguxiaoneiwai,kezaixuenianneihuohanshujiaanpai,yijitilaodongweizhu,youxuexiaogdzhenrenshishi。gaodengxuexiaoyekeanpailaodongyue,jizhongluoshigexuenianlaodongzhouyaoqiu。

GD真人  4.zaixiaoyuanwenhuajianshezhongqianghualaodongwenhua

  xuexiaoyaojianglaodongxiguan、laodongpinzhideyangchengjiaoyurongruxiaoyuanwenhuajianshezhizhong。yaotongguozhidinglaodonggongyue、meirilaodongchanggui、xueqilaodongrenwudan,caiquyulaodongjiaoyuyouguandexingquxiaozu、shetuandenggdzhenrenxingshi,jiehezhishujie、xueleifengjinianri、wuyilaodongjie、nongminfengshoujie、zhiyuanzherideng,gdzhenrenfengfudelaodongzhutijiaoyuhuodong,yingzaolaodongguangrong、chuangzaoweidadexiaoyuanwenhua。

GD真人  yaojuban“laomodajiangtang”“daguogongjiangjinxiaoyuan”、youxiubiyeshengbaogaohuidenglaodongbangyangrenwujinxiaoyuanhuodong,gdzhenrenlaodongjinenghelaodongchengguozhanshi,zongheyunyongjiangzuo、xuanchuanlan、xinmeitideng,guangfanxuanchuanlaodongbangyangrenwushiji,tebieshishenbiandeputonglaodongzheshiji,rangshishengzaixiaoyuanlijinjulijiechulaodongmofan,lingtinglaomogushi,guanmojingzhanjiyi,ganshoubinglingwuqinmianjingyedelaodongjingshen,zhengzuoxinshidaidefendouzhe。

  (er)laodongjiaoyuguanjianhuanjie

  gedihexuexiaoyaozhuzhongweiraolaodongjiaoyudemubiaoheneirongyaoqiu,congtigaolaodongjiaoyudexiaoguochufa,bawolaodongjiaoyurenwudetedian,zhuazhuguanjianhuanjie,xuanzeshiyidelaodongjiaoyufangshi。

GD真人  1.jiangjieshuoming。weiraolaodongweishenme、shishenmewenti,youzhongdiandijinxingjiangjie,rangxueshengdongdelaodongdeyiyihejiazhi。jiaqianglaodongguannian、laodongjilv、laodongxiangguanfalvfaguidezhengmianyindao,zhimingqingshilaodongtebieshiqingshiputonglaodongdeweihai,rangxueshengmingbianshifei。jiaqianglaodongzhishijinengdejiangjie,rangxueshengrenqingshili,zhangwoshijiancaozuodejibenyuanli、chengxu、guize,zhengqueshiyonggongjudefangfahejishu。jiangjieyaoyuqifasikao、shifan、lianxidengjieheqilai。

  2.cuiliancaozuo。weiraoruhezuodewenti,zhuzhongshifanyulianxi,rangxueshenghuilaodong。qianghuaguifanyishi,zhuzhongcongzuijibendechengxuxueqi,yanshouguize,bimianzhuguansuiyi。qianghuazhiliangyishi,zhuzhongyindaoxueshengguanzhuxijie,meigebuzhou、huanjiedouyaojingzhundaowei。qianghuazhuanzhupinzhi,zhuzhongyindaoxueshengduicaozuoxingweidepingguyujiankong,zuodaoyandaoshoudaoxindao,youshiyouzhong。

  3.xiangmushijian。weiraolaodongnenglidepeiyang,rangxueshengwanchengzhenshi、zongherenwu,jingliwanzhenglaodongguocheng。zhuzhonglaodongjiazhitiren,yindaoxueshengcongxianshishenghuozhongfaxianxuqiu,xuanzehequedinglaodongxiangmu。qianghuaguihuashejiyishi,chongfenfahuixueshengdezhudongxing、jijixing、chuangzaoxing,yindaoxueshengduixiangmushijianjinxingzhengtigousi,zongheyunyongsuoxuezhishi、jishu,buduanyouhuaxingdongfangan。qianghuashentilixing,chuilianyizhipinzhi,ganyuzaikunnanyutiaozhanzhongwanchengxingdongrenwu。

GD真人  4.fansijiaoliu。weiraolaodongjiazhiyiyidejiangou,yindaoxueshengzongjie、jiaoliu,cujinxueshengxingchengfansijiaoliuxiguan。zhidaoxueshengsikaolaodongguochenghejieguoyushehuijinbu、getichengzhangdeguanlian,bimiantingliuzaijiandandekuletiyanshang。gdzhenrenxueshengjiaoliufenxianglaodongdetiyanheshouhuo,kendingjuyoujijiyiyiderenshi,jiuzhengguannianshangdepiancha。jiangfansijiaoliuyugaijinjieheqilai,shixueshengzailaodongzhonghuodechengzhang。

  5.bangyangjili。weiraolaodongdejingshenzhuiqiu,shulidianxing,jifalaodongreqing。zhuyilinxuan、shuliduoleixingbangyang,bujinyaoyoudaguogongjiang、laodongmofan,haiyaoyoushenbianlaodongbiaoxianyouyideputonglaodongzhehetongxue。zhidaoxueshengcongbangyangdejutishijizhonglingwutamendegaoshangjingshenheyouliangpinzhi。mingqueyaoqiuxueshengzairichanglaodongshijianzhongnulixiangbangyangkanqi。

  (san)laodongjiaoyupingjia

GD真人  jianglaodongsuyangnaruxueshengzonghesuzhipingjiatixi。yilaodongjiaoyumubiao、neirongyaoqiuweiyiju,jiangguochengxingpingjiahejieguoxingpingjiajieheqilai,jianquanhewanshanxueshenglaodongsuyangpingjiabiaozhun、chengxuhefangfa,guli、zhichigediliyongdashuju、yunpingtai、wulianwangdengxiandaixinxijishushouduan,gdzhenrenlaodongjiaoyuguochengjianceyujishipingjia,fahuipingjiadeyurendaoxianghefankuigaijingongneng。

  1.pingshibiaoxianpingjia

GD真人  yaozaipingshilaodongjiaoyushijianhuodongzhongjishijinxingpingjia,yipingjiacujinxueshengfazhan。yaofugaigeleixinglaodongjiaoyuhuodong,mingquexuenianlaodongshijianleixing、cishu、shijiandengkaoheyaoqiu。guanzhuxueshengzailaodongjiaoyuhuodongzhongdeshijibiaoxian,zhuzhongcongxingweibiaoxianzhongfenxibawolaodongguannianxingchengqingkuang。yiziwopingjiaweizhu,fuyijiaoshi、tongban、jiazhang、fuwuduixiang、yongrendanweidengtapingfangshi,zhidaoxueshengjinxingfansigaijin。yaozhidaoxueshengrushijilulaodongjiaoyuhuodongqingkuang,shoujizhenglixiangguanzhipin、zuopindeng,xuanzedaibiaoxingdexieshijilu,naruzonghesuzhidangan,zuoweixueshengxuenianpingyoupingxiandezhongyaocankao。

  2.xueduanzonghepingjia

  xueduanjieshushi,yaoyijuxueduanmubiaoheneirong,jiehezonghesuzhidanganfenxi,jiangubixiukexuexihekewailaodongshijian,duilaodongguannian、laodongnengli、laodongjingshen、laodongxiguanhepinzhidenglaodongsuyangfazhanzhuangkuangjinxingzonghepingding。jianlichengxinjizhi,shixingxieshijiluchouchazhidu,duinongxuzuojiazhezaipingyoupingxianfangmianyipiaofoujue,xingzhiyanzhongdeyingyifayiguiyansuchuli。zaigaozhonghedaxuegdzhenrenzhiyuanzhexingjirenzheng。gaozhongxuexiaohegaodengxuexiaoyaojiangkaohejieguozuoweibiyeyijuzhiyi。tuidongjiangxueduanzonghepingjiajieguozuoweixueshengshengxue、jiuyedezhongyaocankao。

GD真人  3.gdzhenrenxueshenglaodongsuyangjiance

GD真人  jiangxueshenglaodongsuyangjiancenarujichujiaoyuzhiliangjiance、zhiyeyuanxiaojiaoxuezhiliangpingguheputonggaodengxuexiaobenkejiaoxuezhiliangpinggu。keweituoyouguanzhuanyejigou,dingqigdzhenrengdzhenrengdzhenrenxueshenglaodongsuyangzhuangkuangdiaocha,zhuzhongxueshenglaodongguannian、laodongnengli、laodongjingshen、laodongxiguanhepinzhidengdejiance。fahuijiancejieguodeshifanyindao、fankuigaijindenggongneng。

四、学校劳动教育的规划与实施

GD真人  (yi)zhengtiguihualaodongjiaoyu

GD真人  xuexiaoshilaodongjiaoyudeshishizhuti,yinggenjuguojiaxiangguanguiding,jiehedangdihebenxiaoshijiqingkuang,duilaodongjiaoyujinxingzhengtisheji、xitongguihua,xingchenglaodongjiaoyuzongtishishifangan。fanganyaomingquelaodongjiaoyumubiaoneirong、keshianpai、zhuyaolaodongshijianhuodonganpai、laodongjiaoyuguochenggdzhenrenyuzhidaojikaohepingjiabanfadeng。tongshiyaojiyuxueshengdenianduantezheng、jieduanxingjiaoyuyaoqiu,yanjiuzhiding“xuexiaoxuenian(huoxueqi)laodongjiaoyujihua”,duixuenian、xueqilaodongjiaoyushijianhuodongzuochujutianpai,tebieshiguihuahaolaodongzhoudengjizhonglaodong,xihuayouguanyaoqiu。shizongtishishifanganhexuenian(huoxueqi)huodongjihuaxianghupeitao、xianjie,xingchengkechixugdzhenrendelaodongjiaoyushishifangan。

  xuexiaozailaodongjiaoyuguihuashiyaozhuyichuliyixiajigefangmiandeguanxi:

  1.lilunxuexiheshijianduanliandeguanxi

GD真人  lilunxuexiheshijianduanliandoushilaodongjiaoyudebiyaoneirong。lilunxuexizhongzairangxueshenglijiehezhangwo“laodongchuangzaolerenbenshen”“laodongchuangzaoshijie”denglishiweiwuzhuyijibenlilunzhuzhangyijilaodongxiangguanfalv、fagui、zhengce,zuoweixingdongdezhinan。shijianduanlianzhongzaijiangsuoxuezhishizhuanhuaweizhenzhengyouyongdeshijibenling,xingchenglianghaodelaodongxiguan,hongyanglaodongjingshen。guihualaodongjiaoyushi,yaoliangzhejiangu,jianchiyishijianduanlianweizhu,qieshibaozhengmeiyigexueshengdouyoubiyaodelaodongshijianjingli,bunengzhishikoutoushanghanlaodong、ketangshangjianglaodong。yaotongguoxueshengshijianqiandejihuagouxiang、shijianzhongdeguanchasikaoheshijianhoudefansijiaoliu,jiashenduiyouguansixianglilun、faguizhengcedelijie,shixianlilunxuexiheshijianduanliandetongyi。

GD真人  2.laodongjiaoyuyuqitajiaoyuhuodongdeguanxi

  zaikaizuzhuanmenlaodongjiaoyubixiukedetongshi,zhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyubixiukeshijianhuanjiezhongyuzongheshijianhuodongdeshehuifuwu、shejizhizuo、zhiyetiyanzhongdiebufen,kezhengheshishi。zhiyeyuanxiao、putonggaodengxuexiaolaodongjiaoyuzhongxueshengshengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodongkeyitongguozhuanyeshixi、shixun、chuangxinchuangyedengshijianhuanjiewancheng,richangshenghuolaodongkeyitongguoxueshengguanliluoshi。

  3.laodongdechuantongxingtaiyuxinxingtaideguanxi

GD真人  jiangrichangshenghuolaodongjiaoyuguanchuandazhongxiaoxueshizhong。zaianpaishengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodongxiangmushi,zhongxiaoxueyaoyishiyongchuantonggongju、chuantonggongyidelaodongweizhu,yindaoxueshengtihuilaodongrenmindejianxinyuzhihui,chuanchengzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhua,jiangushiyongxinzhishi、xinjishu、xingongyi、xinfangfadelaodong。zhiyeyuanxiao、putonggaodengxuexiaoyaozhuzhongjiehechanyexinyetai、laodongxinxingtai,xuanzexiandainongye、gongye、fuwuyexiangmu,tishengchuangzaoxinglaodongnengli。

  (er)laodongjiaoyudegdzhenrenshishi

  1.shishijigouherenyuan

  xuexiaoyaojianlijianquanlaodongjiaoyugdzhenrenshishidegongzuojizhi。mingquezhuguanxiaolingdao,shezhijigouhuomingquexiangguanbumenfuzelaodongjiaoyudeguihuasheji、gdzhenrenxiediao、ziyuanzhenghe、shizipeixun、guochengguanli、zongjiepingjiadeng。

  yaojianlizhuanjianzhixiangjiehedelaodongjiaoyujiaoshiduiwu。genjuxuexiaolaodongjiaoyuxuyao,mingquelaodongjiaoyuzerenren,jinxinglaodongjiaoyuguihua、gdzhenrenshishi、pingjiadeng,peiqilaodongjiaoyubixiukejiaoshi,baochijiaoshiduiwudexiangduiwendingxing。yaochongfenfahuijiaozhiyuangongtebieshibanzhuren、fudaoyuan、daoshidezuoyong,liyongshaoxiandui、gongqingtuan、danggdzhenrenyijixueshengshetuandenggefangmiandeliliang,heligdzhenrenlaodongjiaoyushijianhuodong。chongfenliyongjiazhangjidangdirenliziyuan,pinqingxiangguanxingyezhuanyerenshidanrenlaodongshijianzhidaojiaoshi。

  2.laodonganquanfengxianfangfanyuguanli

GD真人  xuexiaoyaobalaodonganquanjiaoyuyuguanlizuoweigdzhenrenshishidebiyaoneirong,qianghualaodonganquanyishi,jianlijianquananquanjiaoyuyuguanlibingzhongdelaodonganquanbaozhangtixi。

  yaoyijuxueshengshenxinfayuqingkuang,shiduanpailaodongqiangdu、shizhang,qieshiguanzhulaodongrenwujichangsuosheshideshiyixing。kexuepinggulaodongshijianhuodongdeanquanfengxian,renzhenpaicha、qingchuxueshenglaodongshijianzhongdegezhongyinhuan。zaichangsuosheshixuanze、cailiaoxuanyong、gongjushebeihefanghuyongpinshiyong、huodongliuchengdengfangmianzhidinganquan、kexuecaozuoguifan,qianghualaodongguochengmeigegangweideguanli,mingquegefangzeren,fanghuanyuweiran。zhidinglaodongshijianhuodongfengxianfangkongyuan,wanshanyingjiyushiguchulijizhi。yaotebieguanzhulaodongguochengzhongdeweishengyinhuan,anzhaojikong、weishengjiankangbumenjixingyeyouguanguiding,caiquxiangyingcuoshi,qieshibaohuxueshengdeshenxinjiankang。guligoumailaodongjiaoyuxiangguanbaoxian。

  3.jianlixietongshishijizhi

GD真人  zhongxiaoxueyaotuidongjianliyixuexiaoweizhudao、jiatingweijichu、shequweiyituodexietongshishijizhi,xingchenggongyuheli。xuexiaoyaotongguojiazhanghui、jiazhangxuexiao、shequxuanjiang、wangluomeitidengtujing,yindaojiazhangshulizhengquedelaodongguan;mingquejiazhangdelaodongjiaoyuzeren,rangjiazhangzhudongzhidaoheducuhaiziwanchengjiating、shequlaodongrenwu;xuexiaoyaoyuxiangguanshehuishijianjidigongtongkaifabingshishilaodongjiaoyukecheng。

  zhiyeyuanxiao、putonggaodengxuexiaoyaojianlixuexiaofuzeguihuasheji,xingyeqiyeshehuijigouzhuyaofuzeyewuzhidao,shuangfanggongtongguanlidelaodongjiaoyushishijizhi。tongguojianlilaomogongzuoshi、jinengdashigongzuoshi,shezhirongyujiaoshi、shiwudaoshigangweideng,duoqudaoyinrushehuililiangcanyuxuexiaolaodongjiaoyu。yaolianheshehuililiang,gongjiangongxiangwendingdelaodongshijianjidi、xiaowaishixishixunjidi、geleixingchuangxinchuangyefuhuapingtai,duoqudaotuozhanlaodongshijianchangsuo。

五、劳动教育条件保障与专业支持

GD真人  difangjiaoyuxingzhengbumenyaoqieshijiaqiangduilaodongjiaoyugongzuodegdzhenrenlingdao,mingquejigouherenyuanchengdanquyutuijinlaodongjiaoyudezhizerenwu,qieshijiaqiangtiaojianbaozhang、zhuanyezhichihedudaopinggu,zhengtitigaodazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyuzhiliangheshuiping。

  (yi)tiaojianjianshe

  1.fengfuhetuozhanlaodongshijianchangsuo

GD真人  difangjiaoyuxingzhengbumenyaotongchouguihuahepeizhilaodongjiaoyushijianziyuan,manzuxuexiaoduoyanghualaodongshijianxuqiu。chongfenliyongxianyouzongheshijianjidi、qingshaonianxiaowaihuodongchangsuo、zhiyeyuanxiaoheputonggaodengxuexiaolaodongshijianchangsuo,jianlijianquankaifanggongxiangjizhi,tebieshichongfenliyongzhiyeyuanxiaoshixunshixichangsuo、sheshishebei,weiputongzhongxiaoxueheputonggaodengxuexiaotigongsuoxuyaodefuwu。keanpaiyipitudi、shanlin、caochangdengzuoweixuenongshijianjidi,querenyipichangkuangqiyezuoweixuegongshijianjidi,rendingyipichengxiangshequ、fuliyuan、yiyuan、bowuguan、kejiguan、tushuguandengshiyedanwei、shehuijigou、gonggongchangsuozuoweifuwuxinglaodongjidi。tuidongxuexiaochongfenliyongxiaoneixuexi、shenghuoyouguanchangsuo,zhubujianhaopeiqilaodongjishushijianjiaoshi、shixunjidi,fengfulaodongjiaoyuziyuan。

  2.jiaqiangshiziduiwujianshe

  yaomingquelaodongkejiaoshiguanliyaoqiu,baozhanglaodongkejiaoshizaijixiaokaohe、zhichengpingpin、pingxianpingyou、zhuanyefazhandengfangmianyuqitazhuanrenjiaoshixiangshoutongdengdaiyu。tuidongzhongxiaoxue、zhiyeyuanxiaoyuputonggaodengxuexiaojianlishizijiaoliugongxiangjizhi,fahuizhiyeyuanxiaojiaoshidezhuanyeyoushi,chengdanputongxuexiaolaodongjiaoyujiaoxuerenwu。jianlilaodongkejiaoshitepinzhidu,weixuexiaopinqingjuyoushijianjingyandeshehuizhuanyejishurenyuan、laodongmofandengdanrenjianzhijiaoshichuangzaotiaojian。

  gaodengxuexiaoyaojiaqianglaodongjiaoyushizipeiyang,youtiaojiandeyuanxiaokaishelaodongjiaoyuxiangguanzhuanye。balaodongjiaoyunarujiaoyuxingzhengganbu、xiaozhang、jiaoshi、fudaoyuanpeixunneirong,gdzhenrenquanyuanpeixun,qianghualaodongyishi、laodongguannian,tishenglaodongjiaoyudezijuexing。duichengdanlaodongjiaoyukechengdejiaoshijinxingzhuanxiangpeixun,tigaolaodongyurenyishihezhuanyehuashuiping。

  3.jianquanjingfeitourujizhi

  gediyaotongchouzhongyangbuzhuzijinheziyoucaili,duozhongxingshichoucuozijin,jiakuaijianshexiaoneilaodongjiaoyuchangsuohexiaowailaodongjiaoyushijianjidi,jiaqiangxuexiaolaodongjiaoyusheshijianshe,jianlixuexiaolaodongjiaoyuqicai、haocaibuchongjizhi。xuexiaokeanzhaoguidingtongchouanpaigongyongjingfeidengzijingdzhenrenlaodongjiaoyu,kecaiquzhengfugoumaifuwufangshi,xiyinshehuililiangtigonglaodongjiaoyufuwu。

GD真人  (er)jiaqiangzhuanyeyanjiuhezhidao

  1.jiaqianglaodongjiaoyuyanjiuyuzhidao

  zaiquanguojiaoyukexueguihua、jiaoyuburenwenshehuikexueyanjiuxiangmuzhongzhichilaodongjiaoyuyanjiu。difangjiaoyuxingzhengbumengulihezhichixiangguanjigoushelilaodongjiaoyuyanjiuxiangmu。sheliyipishiyanquhuoshiyanxuexiao,zhuzhonggdzhenrengenzongyanjiu、xingdongyanjiu。jubanluntanjiangzuo,yingzaolianghaoxueshufenwei。

  gejizhongxiaoxuejiaoyanjigouyaopeibeilaodongjiaoyujiaoyanyuan,gdzhenrengdzhenrenzhuantijiaoyan、quyujiaoyan、wangluojiaoyan,tongguoxietongchuangxin、xiaojiliandong、quyutuijin,tigaolaodongjiaoyuzhengtishishishuiping。guligaodengxuexiaoyituoyouguanzhuanyejigougdzhenrenlaodongjiaoyujiaoxueyanjiu。

  2.gdzhenrengdzhenrenlaodongjiaoyukechengziyuanyanfa

  jiyulaodongjiaoyujiaoxuedeshijixuyao,shengjijiaoyuxingzhengbumenmingquezhongxiaoxuelaodongshijianzhidaoshoucebianxieyaoqiu,tixian“yigangduoben”,manzubutongdiquxuexiaodeduoyanghuaxuqiu,fuzegdzhenrenshencha。zhiyeyuanxiaokegdzhenrenbianxielaodongjingshen、laomojingshen、gongjiangjingshenzhuantiduben,youbianxieyuanxiaohuoweituozhuanyejigoujinxingshencha。gulixuexiao、xueshutuanti、zhuanyejigoudengshoujizhenglifanyinglaodongxianjinrenwushijihejingshendeyingshiziliao,gdzhenrenyanfazhanshilaodongguocheng、laodonganquanyaoqiudeshuziziyuan,shulilinxuanlaizijiaoxueyixiandedianxinganlihexianhuojingyan,xingchengfenxueduan、fenzhuantidelaodongjiaoyukechengziyuanbao,cujinyouzhiziyuandegongxiangyushiyong。

GD真人  (san)dudaopingguyujili

GD真人  1.jiaqiangduixuexiaolaodongjiaoyushishiqingkuangdeducha

  balaodongjiaoyunarujiaoyududaotixi,wanshandudaobanfa。duidifanggejirenminzhengfuheyouguanbumenbaozhanglaodongjiaoyuqingkuangjinxingdudao。duixuexiaolaodongjiaoyukaikelv、xueshenglaodongshijiangdzhenrendeyouxuxing,jiaoxuezhidaodezhenduixing,baozhangcuoshideyouxiaoxingdengjinxingduchahezhidao。dudaojieguoyaoxiangshehuigongkai,zuoweihengliangquyujiaoyuzhiliangheshuipingdezhongyaozhibiao,zuoweiduibeidudaobumenhexuexiaojiqizhuyaofuzerenkaohejiangchengdeyiju。

GD真人  2.jianlijianquanlaodongjiaoyujilijizhi

  在国家级、省级教学成果奖励中,将劳动教育教学成果纳入评奖范围,对优秀成果予以奖励。依托有关专业GD真人、教科研机构等GD真人劳动教育经验交流和成果展示活动,激发广大教师实践创新的潜能和动力。积极协调新闻媒体传播劳动光荣、创造伟大思想,大力宣传劳动教育先进学校、先进个人。(来源:GD真人 | 官网


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